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New Education Policy ’20: Reform in Education Sector

With the new education policy, the central government has to discard the 34-year-old National Policy on Education, framed in 1986. The New Education Policy (NEP) will bring out several reforms in school, higher education and teaching methodology.

Here are some of the highlights of NEP; A single regulator for higher education institutions, Multiple entries and exit options in degree courses, Discontinuation of MPhil programmes, Low stakes board exams, Common entrance exams for universities.

The new policy expands the present age group of 6-14 years for mandatory education to 3-18 years of schooling. The introduction of pre-schooling or Anganwadi for the age group of 3-6 years is now in the schooling curriculum. The new policy has now strategically categorized the old 10+2 structure will be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 curriculum structure.

NEP focuses on student mother tongue as a medium of communication, keep in mind the ‘the three language formula’. The policymakers also ensured that no language will be imposed on students. The decision has been made keeping in mind that children learn or grasp the new non-trivial concept more quickly in their native language. The ideas are to ensure students are taught in their native language till the fifth standard and if possible, till eighth grade.

AICTE, UGC and NCTE will be combined into the Higher Education Commission of India(HECI). This will be a single overarching umbrella body for the entire education system except for medical and legal education. The public and private institute will be governed by the same set of norms, accreditations and academic standards. Interestingly, the Government will phase out the affiliation of colleges in 15 years and a stage-wise mechanism is to be established for granting graded autonomy to colleges.

Under the new education policy, there will be no rigid barrier between Arts, Science and Commerce curriculum and extra-curricular activities. Students will now have the freedom to select the subject of their interest irrespective of stream. ‘Vocational education’ will now be part of the curriculum from the sixth standard and this will include internships.

NEP will offer more relaxation in higher education. Students will have the opportunity to complete an undergraduate degree in 4-years along with multiple exit plan during this period. The college will be mandated to give certificate after completing 1 year in a discipline or field including vocational and professional areas, a diploma after 2 years of study, or a Bachelor’s degree after a 3-year programme. The government has decided to abolish the MPhil program and students can now apply for PhD directly after completing their masters through entrance procedure.

Considering all the fact, there is no denying that NEP ’20 will create a lot of buzz in current education market. Several questioning the implementation on the other hand, many praising this new move. The Policy is yet to be tested for better outcome.

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